Lakhs of Hindus have been killed in attempt to make a Ram mandir in Ayodhya.There are people with vested interests who’ve assaulted the dignity of Hindusin in every possible way. In this category falls a man called – Mulayam Singh Yadav, the ex-CM of Uttar Pradesh. Recently, he has handed over his legacy to his son Akhilesh, but there is a past of notorious and dreadful acts by Mr. Mulayam Singh, and his hand in merciless killing of thousands of innocent Hindus.
A little background
The Babri masjid was constructed on the site of an old Ram temple in 1528 after demolition of the Ram mandir. The Archaeological Survey of India has proved beyond doubt that the erstwhile structure was a massive Hindu religious temple. But even before the ASI survey, Hindus knew of the atrocities committed in demolishing their sacred structure to erect a mosque in its place.
In 1853, there were first recorded incidents of religious violence at the site.
In 1986, District judge ordered the gates of the disputed mosque to be opened to allow Hindus to worship there. In protest, the Muslims, with support of the Indian communists, set up ‘Babri Mosque Action Committee’. In a related incident, Muslims slaughtered a cow at Ram Janam Bhoomi to enrage the Hindu population.
Ram janam bhoomi movement and political rivalries
As decided by the Ram bhakts, the foundation stone of the Ram temple was to be laid on November 10, 1989. The shilanayas of mandir was done by Rajiv Gandhi in 1989, just before elections. In 1990, the then BJP president Lal Krishna Advani took out a cross-country rathyatra to garner support for a Ram temple at Ayodhya.
Mulayam Singh announced that he’d stop L. K. Advani’s Ram Rath Yatra before it reaches Ayodhya. He planned on arresting LK Advani as soon as he entered his state, UP. No to be left behind in display of secularism, Advani was arrested in Samastipur, Bihar by Lalu Yadav and the yatra was stopped.
At the same time, behind the scene, Mulayam Singh challenged Prime Minister V.P. Singh to intervene who in turn arrested all leaders of organizsations involved in the Ram janma bhoomimovement. However the movement went on sans its leaders and Kar Sevaks decided to go ahead with their non-violent march to Ayodhya.
Preventing Karsevaks from entering Ayodhya
To prevent Karsevaks from going to Ayodhya, Mulayam Singh suspended all public transport in the state, blocked roads, and imposed curfew in a number of cities. House-to-house searches forKarsevaks were carried out. In many instances they were pulled out from their houses and killed later. The state borders were sealed and a massive numbers of Hindus were jailed or sealed in barricades. The numbers cited vary between six and eight lakhs, which is a lot more than the people arrested during the Emergency or the Quit India movement in the whole county. However, no press coverage was given to these facts. The people of India were denied this ethical right to knowledge about this gruesome tun of events in the country. No newspaper had the guts to publish these events and the state owned news channel – Doordarshan was kept silent on the issue. It’ a result of that media apathy that it’s hard to verify the actual figures of those affected.
The people’s mass movement
Almost 200,000 villages sent bricks, 300,000 pujas of the Ram Shilas were performed and an estimated 100 million people attended the various processions throughout the length and breadth of the nation that carried the sacred bricks to Ayodhya. Prime Minister Chandrashekhar tried to negotiate with the various groups but talks failed because they could see through the cunningness of the government proposals.
Use of excessive force
The minority-appeasing forces decided to stop the movement in their larger political interest. Just before the Babri Masjid was demolished, the U.P. government had expressed its commitment to protect the masjid in its affidavit in the Supreme Court and at the ‘National Integration Council’ meeting.
Heavy assault arrangements were made with 40,000 CRPF and police personnel at Ayodhya town alone and a total of 2,65,000 forces were put in nabbing operations throughout the state to prevent people reaching Ayodhya. 16,000-h3 military force was commissioned. All the educational institutions of U.P. were converted in to temporary jails. Mulayam was sure this will break the spine of the movement given the non-violent nature of Hindus. He boasted, “no bird would be able to fly into Ayodhya”
On October 30, despite the presence of a massive force, thousands of devotee Karsevaks broke through the police defenses. As early as 7:00 am, more than 1,00,000 Karsevaks had already reached Ayodhya . Mulayam government used extreme force to stop the karsevaks. Police lathi charge and tear gases continued for almost 3 hours. Still, around 11:00 am more than 3,00,000 Karsevaks had come into Ayodhya. Police attacked them with rubber bullets and lathis.
Mulayam orders use of lethal force on unarmed devotees
Police started brutally beating the sadhus and priests which only prompted the karsevaks to move ahead at the peril of their own lives. The firing on kar sevaks started on October 30, 1990, without any warning shots.
The Hindu karsevaks were brutally killed in the police firing. Police shot to kill, not to disperse the crowd. Hundreds of Karsevaks died on the spot and many more disappeared in the stampede. The police went berserk on unarmed devotees and fired like they didn’t want anyone to escape that day.
The treatment given to the dead bodies was more shameful. The dead bodies of killed Hindus were thrown in Saryu river. Hindus were dragged out of their homes and were killed. The dead bodies of Karsevaks were recovered from Sarayu river with sandbags hooked to the bodies so that they would not float. Even women and old sadhus were not spared. If Babur would have been alive, he must have been proud of Mr. Mulayam. For the HIndu community, Mulayam will forever be remembered as a butcher of Ram bhaktas, all for his vote bank.
The firing had earned him the sobriquet of ‘Mulla Mulayam’ and he got unflinching loyalty of Muslim votes in U.P. In an interview he said that over 11 lakh karsevaks had gathered near the Babri masjid and he took the most appropriate decision at that time to “maintain peace in the country.” Was killing and shooting the unarmed people necessary? Were there no other options like water cannons, rubber bullets, curfew, etc.
By killing Hindus, Mulayam Singh was able to form a formidable MY – Muslim-Yadav vote bank that made him a political force in U.P. that could not be overlooked. Here is a question for Mulayam Singh – would he order firing on Muslims demolishing any Hindu site? We all know the answer. The people who were fired, were not terrorists, they were common citizens of India who were killed on orders of mass murderer Mulayam Singh that too in their own home land. For these killings, no body has been prosecuted, nobody was imprisoned. Perhaps, it will never happen because we live in the so called “secular” India. Here Hindus can be treated in any way but nothing will be done, not a word will be spoken. Here, it is to be noted that all the events took place in the background of violence started by Muslims not Hindus. Serious riots broke out in the tehsil of Colonelganj, Uttar Pradesh and in nearby villages in the Gonda district. In the same year, on September 30 Muslims threw stones and petrol bombs at a Durga Puja procession. But no legal action was taken against anyone.
Killings of November 2 and use of minority snipers
On November 2, the Karsevaks came back to janam bhoomi. They were sitting or standing in the narrow lanes near the Janam bhoomi site. Then again the police opened fire. According to press reports, the police skipped the normal procedure of first warning, lathi-charge and teargas, shooting in the air, and ultimately shooting at the legs.
Most of the dead bodies had bullet wounds in the head and chest. The death toll is a matter of dispute. Many dead bodies were carried off in Army vans and unceremoniously disposed off at an unknown place. Many local people, including eyewitnesses, say that several thousands were killed. The most significant point in the killings is that few press reports claim that some of the bullets found in dead or wounded Karsevaks’ bodies, were not of the kind the security forces normally use. Some people infer from this, that Mulayam or someone else who had a say in the deployment of the security personnel, had allowed minority snipers to take up positions and join in the shooting.
Given the anti Hindu nature of the Indian Administration no official enquiry was ever conducted for this gruesome massacre in which according to ground sources a minimum of 40 thousand Hindus were killed because of the police firing and the stampede that followed. The intention of the police was clearly not to disperse the crowds but to ensure a huge body count in order to put the fear of administration among the Hindus. Witnesses say the CRPF entered hundreds of houses and killed people inside simply upon suspicion of being a Kar Sevak. Referring to the firing, the District Magistrate, Sri Ram Saran Srivastawa said, ‘I do not understand why they are killing people like this’. The Divisional Commissioner of Faizabad Mr. Madhukar Gupta said, ‘We did not count how many people were killed.’ Truckloads of dead bodies were dumped off secretly; several bodies immersed in the Sarayu with sand-bags tied. In 1990 another incident took place known as School Massacre. In this incident 4 Hindu teachers including 2 women were killed by Muslims in the school.
Satyagraha in Ayodhya
Some days after the massacre, the Hindu leadership in Ayodhya decided to organize a Satyagraha, with one thousand people courting arrest every day, from December 6 till January 15. The total number of people who courted arrest in those days was over two lakhs.
Wiping out the symbol of subjugation:
A very serious riot broke out in Bijnor in 1990. Curfew had to be imposed for ten days. Heavy police force was deployed in and around Ayodhya. Mulayam Singh had vowed that he would not allow anybody near the masjid and gave a speech on October 9, in which he promised to protect Muslims from any activities of Hindus. There were arrests of karsevaks who were subsequently imprisoned in Bijnor. In 1992, to stop karseva, the central government sent 135 companies of security forces.
On Nov. 28, 1992, the Supreme Court permitted karseva. The religious feelings took the shape of a mass movement and the symbol of subjugation Babri masjid was brought to ground on Dec. 6, 1992.
It is to be noted that in the process of demolition, no Muslim was killed or targeted. When the BBC announced that the VHP had hoisted its flag on the Babri Masjid in Ayodhya, Hindu processions marched peacefully in Bijnor. They were however stone pelted at by Muslims, leading to widespread rioting. In all the cases of murders of Hindus, no guilty was prosecuted.
The ‘asthi yatra’ of the martyrs who were killed in police firing, was taken out all over India and similar attack on such processions left over 200 dead. Soon, curfew had to be imposed in 20 districts of U.P.
Judgment of the Allahabad High Court
The Allahabad High Court pronounced its verdict on four title suits relating to the Ayodhya dispute on 30 September 2010. Ayodhya land was to be divided into three parts. 1/3 went to Ram Lalla represented by Hindu Maha Sabha, 1/3 to Sunni Wakf Board and 1/3 to Nirmohi Akhara. In 2011, the Supreme Court stayed the high court order splitting the disputed site in three parts and said that status quo will remain.
The court imposed status quo so the temple can not be built. But the same court goes silent when the question of killing Hindus rises. No body prosecuted Mulayam Singh for his order of butchering thouands of unarmed people.
It was the second Jallianwala Bagh incident of India, and once again the killers were secular liberal Indians.
Courtesy – ShankhNaad